A lot is known about miraculous properties and health effects of stem cells. Nowadays, this amazing technology can be used widely in order to treat and prevent a great number of diseases, including really hard and very serious ones. Stem cells can be used as raw material for generating virtually every body organ, starting from bones or cartilage, and ending up with heart and even vessels. Moreover, according to the latest findings, by using stem cells it can be possible to generate even neurological system cells, which is simply an unbelievable thing! There is plenty of experiments are being carried out now, and there are optimistic thoughts that in the nearest future, stem cells can give us a cure for such terrible neurological system diseases as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and many others. It could be a revolutionary turn in the whole medical science.
Stem cell extraction techniques are also being studied and substantially improving. Scientists say that stem cells can be found in human embryos, umbilical cords, and other tissues. It has also been proven that in adults, teeth and bone marrow are among the best natural sources for stem cell extraction. At the same time, children’s teeth are considered more effective sources of stem cells compared to the teeth of adult people. The concept of this type of stem cells extraction, or using teeth for extracting stem cells, emerged in 2003, when Dr Songtao Shi, a paediatric dentist and an Associate Professor at Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, came up with this idea after years of studies and successfully extracting stem cells from teeth of his six year old daughter. The scientists managed not only to extract, but also preserve and grow stem cells received from his daughter’s teeth. The proposed technology is now known as SHED (Stem cells from Human Exfoliated Deciduous teeth).
Since those times, children’s teeth of the kids around the world were scientifically tested and successfully used for stem cell extraction. However, children’s teeth are usually gone in teenagehood. That is why recently, more and more of dental experts are talking about possible advantages of storing teeth of children for using them further as sources of stem cells. There are plenty of cases of storing children’s teeth by the world’s leading scientists, especially in the most developed countries of the world. Due to the fact that children lose their teeth in anyway in their early teen ages, it is quite easy to store the teeth for being used in the future.Moreover, the procedure of tooth extraction has become very easy and totally painless nowadays, that is why those kids who have problems with losing their teeth on time can go through the procedure and leave their teeth as a material for stem cells.
It is reported that nowadays, in the United Kingdom it is already possible to give teeth for being stored in a special lab. This service costs £1,385 and it covers storing the teeth for 30 years. For the moment scientists can not say for how long it is possible to preserve teeth for them being good for stem cell extraction in the future. More research is required to look closer at the issue. At the same time, all scientists are convinced that stem cells as a regenerative, rejuvenating and health supporting technology have a huge potential. It is possible to receive all possible tissues by using stem cells, even fat or genetic material. It is reported that modern time’s scientists can extract up to thousands of stem cells from one tooth. However, for some treatments as many as millions of them may be needed for certain treatments. Fortunately, it is possible to use stem cells from donors.