A Guide for Those Who Care about Their Smile

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Dental Problems

Poor Oral Health Is Common Among Modern Athletes

Poor Oral HealthThe importance of great oral health is indisputable, and a great deal of people who lead an active lifestyle and maintain a healthy body weight, follow a healthy diet and pay a great attention on what kind of foods they are eating, visit health care specialists on a regular basis, and do everything possible to eliminate negative effects of current environment, also strictly stick with the rules of daily oral care. Undoubtedly, professional athletes and sportsmen are among such people who must take great care about their health. At the same time, according to the findings of the latest research, quite a lot of sportsmen have very poor oral health. Those are the conclusions of the specialists from Unit of Periodontology and International Centre for Evidence-Based Oral Health, UCL Eastman Dental Institute.

The scientists carried out their study right in the camp of the athletes’ village during the Olympic Games 2012 in London. They collected information on over 300 athletes in 25 kinds of sports who participated the Olympic Games. 95 of the athletes (55 per cent of the participants) were involved in such sports as running or team sports, 38 athletes (14 per cent of the participants) were boxers, 31 athlete (11.5 per cent) were involved in field hockey. Most of the study participants came from the countries of Europe, Africa, South and North America. The scientists performed common dental check ups and also interviewed the participants as to their daily oral health care routine. After analyzing the collected materials, the scientists came up with interesting results.

It turned out that overwhelming majority of athletes complained about their oral health despite the fact that they follow usual dental care routine quite well. At that, about 55 per cent of the participants have shown the signs of dental caries, and about 41 per cent of the participants even had very clear symptoms of dental erosion (a type of more serious dental caries). Moreover, up to 76 per cent of the participants were diagnosed with gingivitis, and about 15 per cent of the athletes from the participant group had periodontists. As the interview has shown, every three of five participants were bothered by their poor oral health to a great extent. 28 per cent of the participants underlined that poor oral health affected their life quality, and every one of five participants expressed the idea that poor oral health had serious effects on their training and performance.

As a summary, the researchers said that dental and oral health of athletes turned out to be very poor, and it was highly recommended to every sportsman to pay a proper attention to dental care. They underline that oral health is a very important element of our overall health and wellbeing, and poor dental health always brings a lot of pain and discomfort which can have negative effects on life quality and especially on training. As a cause of the discovered phenomena, the scientists see using too much of foods rich in carbohydrates, as well as some energy boosting beverages rich in sugar. Also, they assume that busy training schedule and a lot of traveling can be a reason for improper dental care on a daily basis for modern time’s athletes. Finally, increased training routine of athletes can be linked to impaired function of the immune system resulting in increased risks for dental problems.

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Losing Teeth Is Often Linked To Memory Impairment In Aging People

Losing TeethAging is linked to many symptoms, and losing teeth is one of those. As we age, our dental health goes worse and worse, and eventually most of aging people lose their teeth, or suffer from other serious dental problems. Certainly, dental health of aging people differs, and most of people lose only some of their teeth by the age of 55-60. In any way, the scientists are convinced that there are strong links between losing teeth and having problems with brain function: in particular, suffering from memory impairment. Those are the findings of a recent study published by the expert from an international research group. The scientists the Institute of Clinical Dentistry in Tromsx, Norway, and from Umea University and Stockholm University in Sweden looked closer at possible connections between the number of teeth and memory function of a group of the participants.

The researchers invited for their study 275 participants, both male and female, aged between 55 and 80. After examining the current dental health condition of the participants, the scientists found out that all of them had at least 10 and at most 22 teeth less than 32, the normal amount of teeth in a healthy human mouth. At that, as it is reported, about 70 per cent of the lost teeth were molars. Then, participants were offered a series of memory tests. ‘In line with the stated hypothesis, the number of natural teeth was positively associated with performance on episodic memory, recall as well as recognition,’ it is stated in the report about the study which recently appeared in the online issue of the European Journal of Oral Sciences. Therefore, the first thing which became apparent to the scientists is that losing teeth is directly linked to memory impairment since those participants who had less teeth performed poorer in memory tests compared to those participants who had more of natural teeth.

Further analysis and processing the information have shown that the number of natural teeth preserved in the mouth of an aging person count for about 20 per cent of the variance in such concept as episodic recall of the events, for as much as 15 per cent in the variance of episodic recognition, and finally about the same share of the variance in semantic memory. It is interesting that after analyzing some additional materials, the scientists came up with the conclusion that replacing missing teeth with tooth implants can help reduce brain function damage and prevent memory impairment. Further studies allowed the researchers to formulate the hypothesis that losing teeth is linked to serious changes in the daily diet of aging people. As a result, considerably less amount of vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients can be found in their body systems and organs. Possibly, this very phenomena should play a role of trigger for memory impairment, increased risks for Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia like brain disorders.

Actually, it is underlined that the reported research is not the first one which found strict links and connections between poor dental health and increased risks of poor brain function or memory impairment. In particular, there is very strong evidence that poor dental health in the elderly, and especially suffering from gum disease, is a sign of approaching Alzheimer’s disease. It was found out that dental bacteria causing gum disease can spread around the whole body and is most likely cause brain inflammation, resulting in dysfunctions like Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia like brain disorders. In fact, one of the recent studies by an expert group from the University of California found out that a good dental health, a proper oral hygiene and great teeth condition is linked to reduced risks for Alzheimer’s disease. After collecting and analyzing the data on about 5,500 aging people, the scientists came to the conclusions that a proper dental health can help us reduce our risks for Alzheimer’s disease by almost 65 per cent.

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Bleeding Gums Is Linked To Double Risk For Erectile Dysfunction

Bleeding GumsUndoubtedly, poor dental health and serious dental problems are very often linked to other diseases and overall health conditions, both in men and women. This notion is especially true for various infections dental diseases like gum disease and others. Scientists discovered that those people who have gum inflammation or other bacterial dental problems always have certain amounts of bacteria entering their blood and being spread throughout their body. Thus such patients suffer from increased risk for inflammations in other various body organs. This phenomena has been studied these days, and there is a good number of researches resulted in proving the links between inflammatory gum diseases and such health problems as respiratory infections, bladder infections, etc. In addition, there are quite clear connections established between gum disease and elevated risks for heart attack, a stroke, atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, and other very serious health conditions which are, unfortunately, quite common in our times.

Recently, new related findings were published saying that there are links between bleeding gums in men and increased risks for erectile dysfunction. A group of Turkish scientists from the Inonu University, Izmir, Turkey, reported about finding solid scientific evidence to the stated fact. According to the report published earlier this month in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, those modern men who were diagnosed with severe gum inflammation, gum disease and bleeding gums have almost twice higher risks for suffering from erectile dysfunction and all related problems in their sexual life. Turkish scientists explain the condition with dental bacteria entering bloodstream of the infected men, causing most of arteries and blood vessels to narrow down and harden. This condition is similar to the one which marks the outbreak of heart disease. However, according to the researchers, it can also be a cause of erectile dysfunction, which is considered in scientific medical circles as one of a key warning signs for possible heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases in men.

For the experiment, the scientists at Inonu University invited a group of men suffering from chronic erectile dysfunction and a group of men who have never had the mentioned condition. It turned out that over 53 per cent of those men who suffered from erectile problems also had bleeding gums and gum disease. At the same time, only 22 per cent of the men from the same group had no infection gum disease, but still were diagnosed with erectile dysfunction. It is supposed that vessel narrowing and hardening interferes with normal blood supply, and blood circulation slows down a little. These effects are sometimes quite considerable, and that is why those men who suffer from inflammatory dental diseases (mainly gum disease) very soon start having problems like erectile dysfunction, as well as have increased risks for heart disease, a stroke, or other cardiovascular problems. Unfortunately, the nature of the discovered links is still not studied properly and fully understood, but further studies are planned to look closer at the problem.

In addition to that, the scientists managed to find out that there are other risks related to the bacteria that goes into the bloodstream. The researchers suggest that the bacteria can start certain reactions in our immune system, creating even more favorable environment for vessel inflammation and narrowing down. This phenomena mainly contributes to increased risks of clogged arteries and suffering from a stroke. Many other experts reacted on the findings of their Turkish colleagues and again pointed to the importance of proper daily dental care and dental disease prevention. ‘Removing food stuck in between your teeth close to gum lines is a really important step to preventing gum disease. Using interdental brushes or flossing is the best way of doing this,’ said Dr Nigel Carter, chief executive of the British Dental Health Foundation. He said that a proper oral care can be a key not only to good dental and overall health, but also an important factor to boost our success in personal life, our self-esteem and abilities to achieve in this life.

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